Liver Meridian Patterns - Disharmonies Chart

You may click on a particular pattern below for more detailed information including tongue and pulse diagnosis, related signs and symptoms and treatment points.

Excess Patterns
LV Qi Stagnation Chest distention, hypochondriac pain a/or distention, sighing, nausea, vomiting, poor appetite, diarrhea, depression, moodiness, plum pit qi, PMS, breast tenderness, painful a/or irregular menstruation Normal Wiry
LV Blood Stagnation Abdominal pain, palpable masses in the abdomen, irregular a/or painful menstruation possible with dark clots, purple nails, purple lips Purple, possibly w/purple spots Wiry
LV Cold Stagnation Pain in the genital area, general cold signs Pale, wet w/white coat Wiry, deep, slow
LV Fire Headache, irritability, explosive anger, dizziness, tinnitus, bitter taste in the mouth, red face, red eys, dream-disturbed sleep, constipation Red, dry w/yellow coat, possibly redder along the LV/GB area Wiry, full, rapid
LV Wind Can come from LV Blood Deficiency, LV Yang Rising or from Internal heat generating wind (discussed here), muscle spasms, convulsions, high fever, fairly serious condition Red, stiff w/thick yellow coat Wiry, rapid, full
LV Yang Stroke, asphasia, dizziness, twitching Red, peeled possibly deviated Floating, empty or Wiry, fine, rapid
LV/GB Damp Heat Chest a/or hypochondriac pain/distention, jaundice, fever, bitter taste in the mouth, poor appetite, nausea, vomiting, swelling a/or itching of the genitals Red w/yellow sticky coat Slippery, wiry, rapid
Deficiency Patterns
LV Blood Deficiency Numbness in the extremities, tics, tremors, dizziness, blurred vision, floaters, insomnia, dry skin/hair, scanty or lack of menstruation Pale, thin, dry Thin, choppy

Sources and More Information

The information on our site is drawn from our own lecture notes and clinical experience. The following lecture notes were used within this section:

  • Hartstein, Rachel: New England School of Acupuncture, Actions & Effects Lecture Notes
  • Valaskatgis, Peter: New England School of Acupuncture, TCM Lab II Lecture Notes

For a complete list of valuable resources, see our Acupuncture Theory Resources section. The most recommended texts are below:

Liver Meridian Links

Basic Information • Graphic • Locations Chart
Functions Chart • Related Patterns

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Pigu Fasting Text

Pi Gu is a fasting program which comes from traditional Taoist practices. This is a lost art in China and with this book Tom has not only introduced this system to the Western world but provided those cultures previously familiar with the teachings a record of its existence and usage. The Pi Gu system is used by Tom in his clinic for weightloss and also for those looking to increase their spiritual understandings. This text explains the theory behind Pi Gu and also provides a discussion and explanation of the Tai Chi Dao Yin system of Qi Gong. ($15.00)