TCM Materia Medica
The TCM herb "xu duan" which in english is "japanese teasel root", is categorized within the "herbs that tonify yang" functional grouping. It is thought to enter the kidney and liver channels and exhibits acrid, bitter (ku) and warm (wen) taste/temperature properties.
Dosages and preparations will vary according to each individual and the overall approach of a formula, but generally this herb has the following dosage and/or preparation guidelines:
Of many possible clinical applications, it may be considered to influence the following issues/symptoms:
While it may not always be included depending on the manufacturer or herbalist making the formula, xu duan is generally included in the following 4 formulas:
As noted above, xu duan is within the herbs that tonify yang functional group. All the herbs in this category are listed below.
(truncated intro "... symptoms: fear of cold, cold extremities, sore and weak lower back and lower extremities, pale tongue and a deep and weak pulse. …)".