Below you will find various relationships to, and potential clinical treatment approaches for halitosis (bad breath).
It is critical to appreciate that in Chinese Medicine, treatment for "halitosis (bad breath)" is rarely focused on the symptoms exclusively. Alternatively, a practitioner is looking at the factors that led to the development of "halitosis (bad breath)" - i.e. the "cause(s)".
For non-practitioners, we recommend reading treating the "cause" and not the "symptoms" for more on the overall approach and the importance of the TCM diagnostic system in formulating treatment approaches.
The above patterns are common examples. In clinical situations, however, there are any number of other possibilities. Many times there will be a layered combination of patterns in an interwoven blend with their symptoms - some being the cause of an issue and the result of another issue. While initially complex, this is illustrative of the the web of relationships that Chinese Medicine is designed to approach.