Xuan Shen - Ningpo Figwort Root, Scrophularia

TCM Materia Medica

Xuan Shen TCM Herb Classifications and Usages

The TCM herb "xuan shen" which in english is Xuan Shen herb"ningpo figwort root, scrophularia", is categorized within the "herbs that cool the blood" functional grouping. It is thought to enter the kidney, lung and stomach channels and exhibits bitter (ku), cold (han), salty (xian) and sweet (gan) taste/temperature properties.

Dosages and preparations will vary according to each individual and the overall approach of a formula, but generally this herb has the following dosage and/or preparation guidelines:

  • Dosage: 9-30g

Of many possible clinical applications, it may be considered to influence the following issues/symptoms:

  • Clears Heat, Cools Blood. Bleeding, fever, dry mouth, purplish tongue.
  • Nourishes Yin. Particularly for the sequel of warm febrile disease with constipation, irritability.
  • Drains Fire, Relieves Toxicity. Swollen, red eyes, sore throat.
  • Softens Harness (salty), Dissipates phlegm fire nodules. Swollen, sore throat, neck lumps.

Xuan Shen has some precautions to be considered (see our precautions list).

Incompatible with Li Lu.

Xuan Shen may potentially be used, in coordination with a well tailored formula (in most cases), to influence the following conditions: constipation, fever, irritability and/or sore throat

While it may not always be included depending on the manufacturer or herbalist making the formula, xuan shen is generally included in the following 8 formulas:

  • Bai He Gu Jin Wan (Lily Bulb to Preserve the Metal) - General yin deficiency signs may present as night sweats, h…
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  • Da Bu Gan Wan (Major Liver Nutrition Pills) - Brittle nails, yellowing of the skin (jaundice). Abdominal…
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  • Geng Nian An Wan (Peaceful Menopause) - Menopause symtpoms including hot flashes, night sweats, moo…
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  • Huang Lian Shang Qing Wan (Coptis Clearance Pill) - Dispels wind heat, clear toxic heat - generally used short-…
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  • Nei Xiao Luo Li Wan (Internally Reducing Cervical Lymphadenitis Pills) - Phlegm obstructions - generally benign masses, lumps, swell…
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  • Pu Ji Xiao Du Wan (Universal Benefit Decoction To Eliminate Toxin) - Acute febrile disorder (wind-heat & damp-phlegm) of t…
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  • Tian Wang Bu Xin Wan (Emperor of Heavens Special Pill to Tonify the Heart) - Anxiety, insomnia, irritability, night sweats, hot flashes,…
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  • Xiang Yin Wan (Golden Voice Pills) - Benefits the yin and qi of the lungs, clears heat and wind …
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    As noted above, xuan shen is within the herbs that cool the blood functional group. All the herbs in this category are listed below.

    (truncated intro "... patterns of heat in the blood from febrile disease entering the blood level – blood moves recklessly and causes rashes, nosebleed, vomitin…)".

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