Zhi Zi - Cape Jasmine Fruit, Gardenia

TCM Materia Medica

Zhi Zi TCM Herb Classifications and Usages

The TCM herb "zhi zi" which in english is Zhi Zi herb"cape jasmine fruit, gardenia", is categorized within the "herbs that drain fire" functional grouping. It is thought to enter the heart, liver, lung, stomach and triple heater channels and exhibits bitter (ku) and cold (han) taste/temperature properties.

Dosages and preparations will vary according to each individual and the overall approach of a formula, but generally this herb has the following dosage and/or preparation guidelines:

  • Dosage: 3-12g

Of many possible clinical applications, it may be considered to influence the following issues/symptoms:

  • Clears heat (Heart and Liver), eliminates irritability - heat patterns with fever, restlessness, insomnia, delirium, stifling sensation in the chest.
  • Drains damp heat - lin (urinary dysfunction) syndrome due to damp-heat in the lower warmer, damp-heat and constrained liver and gallbladder causing jaundice, damp-heat in the gall bladder and triple heater channels of the face - eyes, nose, sores in the mouth and face.
  • Cools the blood, stops bleeding - nosebleed, blood in vomit, stool, urine; (needs to partially charred).
  • Topically for blood stasis due to trauma, reduces swelling.

Zhi Zi has some precautions to be considered (see our precautions list).

  • Avoid in patients with loose stools and/or loss of appetite due to cold from deficiency.

Our clinical staff have made the following notes, regarding zhi zi:

Zhi Zi may potentially be used, in coordination with a well tailored formula (in most cases), to influence the following conditions: delirium, insomnia, irritability, jaundice, trauma and/or urinary disorders (lin disease)

While it may not always be included depending on the manufacturer or herbalist making the formula, zhi zi is generally included in the following 17 formulas:

ViewAn Gong Niu Huang Wan (Calm The Palace Pill With Cattle Gallstone)

Resuscitates, clears heat, calms shen, and expels phelgm - coma arising from stroke, convulsions, loss of consciousness.

ViewBa Zheng Wan (Eight Herb Powder for Rectification)

Painful urination when it arises from damp heat syndrome - urinary tract infections, leukorrhea, cystitis. Prostatitis when from damp heat.

ViewFang Feng Tong Sheng Wan (Ledebouriella Pills to Sagely Unblock)

High fever with aversion to cold. Thick phlegm that may be both in sinus and chest. Vertigo or dizziness that is caused by excess heat. Rashes, carbuncles, and other types of skin disorders that…

ViewHuang Lian Jie Du Wan (Coptis Decoction To Relieve Toxicity)

Clears fire toxins (damp heat, toxic heat, fire) from all three jiaos - formula has an antibiotic function which has a broad range of uses in conditions arising from damp heat in the body.  Acute bac…

ViewHuang Lian Shang Qing Wan (Coptis Clearance Pill)

Dispels wind heat, clear toxic heat - generally used short-term for inflammatory conditions of the face, mouth, head - sore throat, conjunctivitis, acne, swollen gums. Can be a supportive formula fo…

ViewJiang Ya Wan (Repress The Blood Pressure Pills)

Hypertension particularly with ascendent yang and heat signs - red face, red tongue, headaches, irritability, anxiety, insomnia, etc.

ViewJia Wei Gui Pi Wan (Augmented Restore The Spleen Decoction)

A combination of jia wei xiao yao wan and gui pi wan - similar effects but with more spleen qi and blood tonification. A range of stress related issues - essentially mixes of stagnation with underly…

ViewJia Wei Xiao Yao Wan (Free and Easy Wanderer Pills)

Derived from the base formula, xiao yao wan, an important formula for liver qi stagnation with herbs added to clear heat. Liver qi stagnation - menstrual issues, painful cycles, irregular cycles, br…

ViewLong Dan Xie Gan Wan (Gentiana Purge Liver Formula)

Hypochondriac pain, bitter taste in the mouth, irritability, easily angered, headache, dizziness, red, and possibly sore, eyes resulting from liver fire rising. Urinary symptoms such as painful, hot…

ViewPing Gan Liu Qi Yin Wan (Dang Gui And Pinellia Combination)

Liver qi stagnation with blood deficiency heat - signs of heat, red eyes, possibly anxiety and/or irritability, etc. along with digestive issues such as gastritis, cirrhosis, cholecystitis, hernia.…

ViewQing Fei Wan (Clear The Lungs Decoction)

Clears heat and phlegm and replenishes lung yin - chronic cough, generally with thicker yellow mucus, sore throat. With the right factors aspiration pneumonia, pneumonia, bronchitis, tuberculosis,…

ViewTe Xiao Zao Ren An Mian Wan (Peaceful Sleep Tablets)

Insomnia, vivid dreaming, nightmares. Acute emotional instability. May be used to treat convulsions or spasms that are caused by a combination of blood deficiency with wind.

ViewTian Ma Gou Teng Wan (Gastrodia and Uncaria Formula)

Headaches, vertigo, dizziness, tinnitis, floaters or blurry vision, insomnia as a result of liver yang rising.  Siezures, spasms, convulsions or other types of involuntary muscle activity due to liv…

ViewWu Lin San Wan (Gardenia & Hoelen Formula)

Painful urination with cloudy or dark urine due to heat. Possibly blood in the urine -bright red blood not occult.

ViewXin Yi Qing Fei Wan (Magnolia Flower Drink To Clear The Lungs)

Colds and/or allergies with heat signs (yellow mucus and/or fever, etc.). Chronic sinus congestions / issues, chronic sinusitis, chronic rhinitis, loss of smell. Nasal polyps with the right underly…

ViewYin Chen Hao Wan (Artemisiae Scopariae Decoction)

Used for a range of liver, gallbladder and pancreatic disorders arising from damp heat.  Symptoms such as jaundice, urinary difficulty, nausea, bloating and more. Western conditions could be cirrhos…

ViewYue Ju Wan (Escape Restraint Pill)

An important formula for plum pit qi and related issues arising from qi stagnation (from many factors) - an oppressive sensation in the chest and/or diaphgram, gerd, reflux, indigestion, nausea, belc…

As noted above, zhi zi is within the herbs that drain fire functional group. All the herbs in this category are listed below.

(truncated intro "... very cold - for high fever, irritability, thirst, delirium associated with febrile disease. qi level or yang ming level disorders. )".

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