Huang Lian - Coptis Rhizome

TCM Materia Medica

Huang Lian TCM Herb Classifications and Usages

The TCM herb "huang lian" which in english is Huang Lian herb"coptis rhizome", is categorized within the "herbs that clear heat and dry dampness" functional grouping. It is thought to enter the heart, large intestine, liver and stomach channels and exhibits bitter (ku) and cold (han) taste/temperature properties.

Dosages and preparations will vary according to each individual and the overall approach of a formula, but generally this herb has the following dosage and/or preparation guidelines:

  • Dosage: 1.5-9g

Of many possible clinical applications, it may be considered to influence the following issues/symptoms:

  • Drains fire, relieves toxicity - high fever, irritability, disorientation, delirium, painful, red eyes, red tongue, sore throat, boils, carbuncles, abscesses.
  • Clears heat, drains dampness - for damp-heat in the stomach or intestine, diarrhea or dysenteric disorder, vomiting and/or acid regurgitation due to stomach heat.
  • Clears heart fire - irritability, insomnia.
  • Clears heat and stops bleeding - nosebleed, blood in the urine, stool, vomiting due to hot blood.
  • Topically for red, painful eyes and ulcerations of the tongue and mouth.

Huang Lian may potentially be used, in coordination with a well tailored formula (in most cases), to influence the following conditions: delirium, diarrhea, fever, furuncles (boils), insomnia, irritability, sore throat and/or vomiting

While it may not always be included depending on the manufacturer or herbalist making the formula, huang lian is generally included in the following 11 formulas:

  • An Gong Niu Huang Wan (Calm The Palace Pill With Cattle Gallstone) - Resuscitates, clears heat, calms shen, and expels phelgm - …
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  • Ban Xia Xie Xin Wan (Pinellia Drain Epigastrium Pills) - Distension and fullness of the epigastrium usually without …
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  • Huang Lian Jie Du Wan (Coptis Decoction To Relieve Toxicity) - Clears fire toxins (damp heat, toxic heat, fire) from all t…
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  • Huang Lian Shang Qing Wan (Coptis Clearance Pill) - Dispels wind heat, clear toxic heat - generally used short-…
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  • Jiang Tang Wan (Lower Blood Sugar Pill) - Nourish the yin and tonify qi with particular emphasis on d…
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  • Jian Pi Wan (Strengthen Spleen Pills) - For stomach and spleen qi deficiency with dampness that has…
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  • Ping Gan Liu Qi Yin Wan (Dang Gui And Pinellia Combination) - Liver qi stagnation with blood deficiency heat - signs of…
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  • Pu Ji Xiao Du Wan (Universal Benefit Decoction To Eliminate Toxin) - Acute febrile disorder (wind-heat & damp-phlegm) of t…
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  • San Huang Xie Xin Wan (Drain The Epigastrium Decoction) - Damp-heat excess with interior climbing - fever, restless…
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  • Xiang Lian Wan (Aucklandia and Coptis Pills) - Diarrhea expecially with bright blood or mucus and foul sme…
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  • Xie Xin Wan (Drain the Epigastrium Formula) - Signs of damp-heat with interior clumping which may settl…
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    As noted above, huang lian is within the herbs that clear heat and dry dampness functional group. All the herbs in this category are listed below.

    (truncated intro "... for damp-heat patterns with dysenteric disorders, urinary difficulty or pain, jaundice, furuncles, eczema. bitter and cold - clear heat an…)".

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