ST 45

Acupuncture Point Theory

ST 45 Acupuncture Point Applications and Theory

The acupuncture point "ST 45" , 厲兌, is represented by "Lidui" in pinyin and "Severe Mouth" in english and may be found:

.1 cun posterior to the corner of the nail on the lateral side of the 2nd toe.


Of many possible clinical applications, it may be considered to influence the following issues/symptoms:

  • Release heat a/or move stagnation from the channel and organ - headaches, toothaches, facial pain, sore throat, TMJ, bell's palsy, facial deviation from stroke.
  • Agitation a/or insomnia w/heat signs, excessive dreaming, loss of consciousness, manic depression - calms the spirit.
  • Moves cold in the lower limbs, shin, knee.


St 45 has the following theoretical associations which serve as important guideposts in designing an effective treatment protocol:

Explore st 45 functional grouping theory - Five Shu, or read all point categories and related theory.

A single acupuncture point is not commonly thought of as an empirical way to influence a TCM diagnostic pattern. ST45, however, is a strong candidate to be incorporated into an acupuncture protocol for patients who exhibit: Heart Yin Deficiency, Liver Wind and/or Phlegm Misting the Heart

ST 45 may potentially be used, in coordination with a well designed acupuncture treatment protocol, to influence the following conditions: Bells Palsy, Fainting (Loss of Consciousness), Headache, Insomnia, Knee Pain, Manic Depression, Sore Throat, Stroke (CVA), Temporomandibular Joint Disorder (TMJ) and/or Toothache

While not necessarily valid clinically, GB 44 (Insomnia especially with nightmares - LV/GB heat …), LV 1 (Jing Well Point - loss of consciousness, moves Qi…) and SP 1 (Any Bleeding Issues, esp. from SP Deficiency - re…) are nearby.

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