ST 28

Acupuncture Point Theory

ST 28 Acupuncture Point Applications and Theory

The acupuncture point "ST 28" , 水道, is represented by "Shuidao" in pinyin and "Waterway" in english and may be found:

2 cun lateral to the AML level with CV 4.


Of many possible clinical applications, it may be considered to influence the following issues/symptoms:

  • Excess Cold/Damp Issues of the Lower Warmer - retention of urine, inflammations.
  • Gynecological issues of an excess nature - dysmenorrhea, fibroids, cysts.
  • Fertility issues in women, cold in the uterus.
  • Expel either the placenta after birth or a still born child.

A single acupuncture point is not commonly thought of as an empirical way to influence a TCM diagnostic pattern. ST28, however, is a strong candidate to be incorporated into an acupuncture protocol for patients who exhibit: Bladder Damp Heat

ST 28 may potentially be used, in coordination with a well designed acupuncture treatment protocol, to influence the following conditions: Cysts, Dysmenorrhea (Menstrual Pain - Cramps), Fibroids, Infertility, Urinary Disorders (Lin Disease) and/or Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)

While not necessarily valid clinically, CV 4 (Generally, useful for deficiencies of Yin, Yang, …), GB 27 (GB 26, GB 27 & GB 28 are all useful points on the…) and KD 13 (KD 11, KD 12, KD 13, KD 14 & KD 15 all inters…) are nearby.

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