Mu Xiang - Costus Root

TCM Materia Medica

Mu Xiang TCM Herb Classifications and Usages

The TCM herb "mu xiang" which in english is Mu Xiang herb"costus root", is categorized within the "herbs that regulate the qi" functional grouping. It is thought to enter the gall bladder, large intestine, spleen and stomach channels and exhibits acrid, bitter (ku) and warm (wen) taste/temperature properties.

Dosages and preparations will vary according to each individual and the overall approach of a formula, but generally this herb has the following dosage and/or preparation guidelines:

  • Dosage: 1.5-9g (add during the last 5 minutes)

Of many possible clinical applications, it may be considered to influence the following issues/symptoms:

  • Promotes the movement of Qi, alleviates pain - stagnant qi of the stomach and/or spleen causing lack of appetite, abdominal pain, distention, nausea; liver or gallbladder qi stagnation causing flank pain, distention.
  • Regulates stagnated Qi in the intestines - diarrhea, abdominal pain (common herb to treat tenesmus).
  • Strengthens the spleen and prevents stagnation, used with tonifying herbs to reduce side effects.

Mu Xiang may potentially be used, in coordination with a well tailored formula (in most cases), to influence the following conditions: abdominal pain, diarrhea and/or nausea

While it may not always be included depending on the manufacturer or herbalist making the formula, mu xiang is generally included in the following 10 formulas:

  • Bao Ji Wan (Protect and Relieve Pills) - Cramping and/or painful distension of the abdomen. Foul sm…
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  • Gui Pi Wan (Restore the Spleen Formula) - The formula is used to tonify both the spleen and heart whi…
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  • Hui Chun Wan (Recovery Special Pill) - Most often used for childhood convulsions (possibly with …
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  • Jian Pi Wan (Strengthen Spleen Pills) - For stomach and spleen qi deficiency with dampness that has…
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  • Jia Wei Gui Pi Wan (Augmented Restore The Spleen Decoction) - A combination of jia wei xiao yao wan and gui pi wan - simi…
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  • Li Dan Wan (Benefit The Gallbladder Pills) - A range of gallbladder, liver and related digestive/obstruc…
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  • Shu Gan Wan (Liver Comfort Pills) - Abdominal and/or Hypochondriac pain, cramps or spasms resul…
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  • Xiang Lian Wan (Aucklandia and Coptis Pills) - Diarrhea expecially with bright blood or mucus and foul sme…
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  • Xiang Sha Liu Jun Zi Wan (Aucklandia, Amomi & Six Gentlemen Pills) - A modified version of the base, zhi zhu wan, which is used …
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  • Xiang Sha Yang Wei Wan (Aucklandia Amomi Nurture Stomach Pills) - Low appetite, apathy towards eating due to spleen qi defici…
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    As noted above, mu xiang is within the herbs that regulate the qi functional group. All the herbs in this category are listed below.

    (truncated intro "... used with qi disorders involving deficiency and stagnation. these herbs are primarily used for stagnation involving the spleen and stomach…)".

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