CV 12

Acupuncture Point Theory

CV 12 Acupuncture Point Applications and Theory

The acupuncture point "CV 12" , 中脘, is represented by "Zhong Wan" in pinyin and "Central Venter" in english and may be found:

Midway between CV 8 and CV 16, 4 cun above CV 8 (umbilicus).


Of many possible clinical applications, it may be considered to influence the following issues/symptoms:

  • CV 12 is useful for middle warmer issues, whereas CV 10 is useful for lower warmer issues and CV 13 is useful for upper warmer issues.
  • ST patterns arising from an excess or a deficiency, tonify deficient SP patterns (moxa useful) - nearly all digestive issues - pain, bloating, reflux, vomiting, diarrhea, jaundice.
  • Hui Meeting Point - broad effect on the Fu (hollow) organs in the body.
  • Stress related digestive disorders (nervous Stomach, heartburn, diarrhea) along with various symptoms such as insomnia, anxiety, etc. particularly from worry and/or overthinking..
  • Tong Ren/Tam Healing System: Used for all digestive issues and esophagus issues, also useful for weight loss.  

CV 12 has some precautions to be considered (see our precautions list).

No Perpendicular Needling (NPN) No Perpendicular Needling in Pregnancy.


Cv 12 has the following theoretical associations which serve as important guideposts in designing an effective treatment protocol:

Explore cv 12 functional groupings theory - MuShu and/or Hui Meeting.

While not necessarily valid clinically, KD 19 (Local point for abdominal and intestinal pain. V…) and ST 21 (Tonifies Middle Warmer, assists CV 12. Epigastri…) are nearby.

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